On March 14, 2013, he was elected president of China by the National People’s Congress. Ein kriselnder Westen hat ihm genützt. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would later aid his credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP. His birthplace is Jintao, Chinese. Seit dem 18. Dagegen trat Xi Jinping sehr selbstbewusst auf, wohlwissend, dass Trump bald weg ist. For his part, Xi spoke about a “win-win” cooperation between the two economic superpowers, announcing memorandums of understanding to increase trade by $253 billion. the CCP has come under fire by human rights groups for jailing journalists, lawyers and other private citizens. In February 2019, the municipal Party committee of Hengshui city in the northern province of Hebei ordered the educational institutions within its jurisdiction to “implement the spirit … Xi’s base salary will present be a whopping 11,385 yuan (about 1, 830) a month earning. Considered a weakling when he first arrived, he grew strong and compassionate and developed good relations working alongside the villagers. Amid the escalating tensions of a potential trade war, the yuan fell to a six-month low against the dollar in late June, sparking speculation that China would let that course continue and make their goods cheaper on the world market. (Foto: picture alliance / dpa) The Hague ruled that China had illegally claimed those territories, although China refused to accept the authority of that ruling. The leader of the world's most populated country and second largest economy (GDP), Xi Jinping holds a firm grasp on China's only political party. "Xi Jinping has evinced no signs of affording himself the kind of diplomatic flexibility that could help re-stabilize the relationship," a top China expert told Insider. Kurz: alles, was wir über das neue China und seinen Herrscher Xi Jinping wissen müssen. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The following year he began to study chemical engineering at Beijing’s Tsinghua University, earning a degree in 1979. It was there that Xi grew up both physically and mentally. In recent years, Xi has asserted China's naval capacities through the construction of artificial islands within disputed territories of the South China Sea. Previously, he served as the country's defense minister and head of armed forces. Xi would make a steady ascent in the ensuing decades, with postings as governor of the Fujian and Zhejiang provinces and as party secretary. The marriage ended in divorce within a few years. During the same legislative session, the NPC also passed other amendments to the constitution, including one that abolished term limits for the country’s president and vice president; this change would allow Xi to remain in office beyond 2023, when he would have been due to step down. Xi also emphasized the importance of the “rule of law,” calling for adherence to the Chinese constitution and greater professionalization of the judiciary as a means of developing “socialism with Chinese characteristics.” Under Xi’s leadership China was increasingly assertive in international affairs, insisting upon its claim of territorial sovereignty over nearly all of the South China Sea despite an adverse ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague and promoting its “One Belt, One Road” initiative for joint trade, infrastructure, and development projects with East Asian, Central Asian, and European countries. Konzentrationslager in Tibet However, the two leaders then contrasted one another during their subsequent appearances at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Vietnam. In late February 2018, the Communist Party's Central Committee proposed scrapping term limits for China's president and vice president, potentially setting the table for Xi to govern indefinitely. Nicolae Ceausescu was the leader of Communist Romania for more than two decades until his execution in 1989. Vladimir Lenin was founder of the Russian Communist Party, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and architect and first head of the Soviet state. During his tenure in Hebei, Xi traveled to the United States and spent time in Iowa with an American family, learning the finer points of agriculture and tourism. Xi Jinping darf China jetzt offiziell den Rest seines Lebens regieren. Hören sie hier die Audio Aufnahme des Artikels: Xi Jinping will Klimaneutralität vor 2060 erreichen Ihr Browser unterstützt die Wiedergabe von Audio Dateien nicht. His name and philosophy was added to the party constitution in 2017, and the following year he successfully pushed for the abolition of presidential term limits. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP. Parteitag der KP Chinas hat Xi Jinping den internationalen Kindertag am 1. He referred to his vision for the nation as the "Chinese Dream.". "China does not seek a trade surplus," the president said. While there he focused on restructuring the province’s industrial infrastructure in order to promote sustainable development. In July 2016, an international tribunal in He continued to work his way upward, and by 1995 he had ascended to the post of deputy provincial party secretary. Xi Jinping, left, younger brother Xi Yuanping, middle, and father Xi Zhongxun, right, in 1958. Central Military Commission, in 2016 he added the title of commander in chief of its joint battle command center. Über einen, den man nicht unterschätzen sollte. Conducted across 14 countries, the survey found that unfavorable opinion has soared over the past year. Staatspräsident Xi Jinping baut China zielstrebig zur Weltmacht um – und steht auf dem Parteitag der KP im Zenit seiner Karriere. Chinese President Xi Jinping cares about the health and education of the country’s children. Yip Man, or Ip Man, was a martial arts master best known for teaching the Wing Chun form. Xi Jinping (/ ˌ ʃ iː dʒ ɪ n ˈ p ɪ ŋ / SHEE jin-PING; Chinese: 习近平; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who has served as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) since 2012, and President of … He arrested some of the country's most powerful Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Xi Jinping is a formidable world leader with a seemingly unshakeable hold on power — but he’s now facing a major test. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Xi-Jinping, BBC News - Profile: China's President Xi Jinping, Xi Jinping - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Alle Bestellungen sind Sonderanfertigungen und werden meist innerhalb von 24 Stunden versendet. Critics have noted that his crackdown on government corruption mainly targeted political opponents, and Already chairman of the Her first novel. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Xi Jinping sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Xi’s status became more assured when in March 2008 he was elected vice president of China. Despite earlier accusing China of being a currency manipulator, Trump offered praise this time around for the country taking advantage of financial opportunities. 1. Als Mutter sind der Friede und die Freude der Kinder der größte Wunsch. According to state-run media outlets, starting in the spring of 2019, all educational institutions in the southeastern province of Jiangxi – from kindergartens to colleges – are introducing “red culture” courses, taught based on specially prepared textbooks. The younger Xi’s early childhood was largely spent in the relative luxury of the residential compound of China’s ruling elite in Beijing. Jamie Seidel news.com.au August 21, 2019 8:34am Die Worte und Taten seiner Mutter haben ihn sein ganzes Leben lang begleitet. Isaac Stone Fish. Xi hailed the agreement, which included commitments to purchase an additional $200 billion in American goods but did not address his government's subsidies of local industries, as "beneficial to both China, the U.S. and the world.". Der Erste, der seine Stimme bei dieser historischen Wahl abgab, war Staatspräsident Xi Jinping selbst. Xi Jinping ist im Vergleich mit diesen Amerikanern ein stiller und höflicher Mensch, der ruhig und sachlich beschreibt, was bisher getan worden ist und was demnächst passieren wird. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Xi Jinping in höchster Qualität. After graduating in 1979, he worked for three years as secretary to Geng Biao, who was then the vice premier and minister of national defense in the central Chinese government. previous December to reduce emissions from the world’s two largest economies. Chinas Staatschef Xi Jinping hat dem künftigen US-Präsidenten per Telegramm zum Wahlsieg gratuliert und ihn zur Kooperation aufgerufen. On March 14, 2013, Xi completed his ascent when he was elected president of the People’s Republic of China, a ceremonial position as head of state. Xi Jinping ist ein chinesischer Politiker, der seit 2012 als Generalsekretär der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPCh) und Vorsitzender der Zentralen Militärkommission (CMC) und seit 2013 als Präsident der Volksrepublik China (VR China) tätig ist. Raúl Castro succeeded his brother Fidel Castro as president of Cuba in 2008. In 1974 Xi became an official party member, serving as a branch secretary, and the following year he began attending Beijing’s Tsinghua University, where he studied chemical engineering. by Joel Gehrke | December 17, 2020 06:30 AM Print this article. Among Xi’s first initiatives was a nationwide anti-corruption campaign that soon saw the removal of thousands of high and low officials (both “tigers” and “flies”). Oktober 1913 in Fuping (Weinan), Shaanxi; † 24. Xi also set about stimulating a slowing economy. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Born in 1953 to a Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader, Xi Jinping worked his way up the party ranks to become a major player in the Chinese Politburo. His elimination of the "reeducation through labor" Sie sollten bitte das Buch lesen, damit Sie demnächst wissen, wo Sie dran sind. Infrastructure Investment Bank. Xi has also overseen economic regulations that have reverberated beyond his country's borders. The addition was meant to serve as a guiding principle for the party moving forward, with Xi's vision paving the way for global leadership in the years to come. In October 2010 Xi was named vice chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission (CMC), a post once held by Hu (who since 2004 had been chair of the commission) and generally considered a major stepping-stone to the presidency. The world is losing faith in China and its President Xi Jinping. The success of his anti-corruption campaign continued, with more than one million corrupt officials being punished by late 2017; the campaign also served to remove many of Xi’s political rivals, further bolstering his efforts to eliminate dissent and strengthen his grip on power. Von der berüchtigten App „Xi (Xue Xi) starke Nation“ bis hin zu speziellen Fernsehprogrammen, wie der Serie „Den Menschen die Sprache von ‘Ping’ näherbringen: Das Wörterbuch des Generalsekretärs Xi Jinping,“ die im Oktober letzten Jahres im zentralen chinesischen Staatsfernsehen ausgestrahlt wurde. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would later aid his credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP. Jinping’s net worth. Xi Jinping studied chemical engineering from 1975 to 1979, at the prestigious Tsinghua University in Beijing but he never worked in a related field. In early 2012, Xi traveled to the United States to meet with President Barack Obama and members of his cabinet. In 2007, his career got a further boost when a pension-fund scandal rocked the leadership of Shanghai and he was named as its party secretary. Western influence in school curriculums and limited the public's internet access. Ja, Vater von: Xi Mingze : Wird die Ehe zwischen Politiker Xi Jinping aus China und seiner aktuelle Ehefrau, Peng Liyuan das Jahr 2020 überleben? Beim Treffen zwischen US-Präsident Donald Trump und Chinas Präsident Xi Jinping gab es eine besondere Überraschung. Shanghai stock market. Moon Jae-in was elected President of the Republic of Korea and began his five-year term in May 2017. Er kümmert sich um ihr Aufwachsen, legt großen Wert auf ihre Erziehung und hat mehrfach seine hoffnungsvollen Erwartungen für ihre Zukunft zum Ausdruck gebracht. In his first speech as president he vowed to fight for a great renaissance of the Chinese nation and a more prominent international standing. He held both the deputy secretarial and governing posts until 2002, when he was elevated yet again: that year marked his move to Zhejiang province, where he served as acting governor and, from 2003, party secretary. The elder Xi, however, was often out of favour with his party and government, especially before and during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) and after he openly criticized the government’s actions during the 1989 Tiananmen Square incident. Jetzt lesen und anschauen! In November 2012, during the CCP’s 18th party congress, Xi was again elected to the standing committee of the Political Bureau (reduced to seven members), and he succeeded Hu as general secretary of the party. Lesen Sie weiter. A strong but frustrated country poses a special kind of danger. Xi Jinping in 1979. China-Doku-Abend am Dienstag, 28. Der chinesische Staatspräsident Xi Jinping bezeichnet sich Kindern gegenüber selbst als ein „großer Freund". "As long as we are united and struggle together, there will be no power to stop the Chinese people from realizing their dreams.". A year later the CCP voted to enshrine Xi’s name and ideology, described as “thought” (“Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in a New Era”), in the party’s constitution, an honour previously awarded only to Mao. In September 2016, Xi and U.S. President Barack Obama announced they were formally adopting the international climate-change agreement reached in Paris the Xi and the Communist Party drew criticism for their initial response to the crisis — including a reported attempt to silence the doctor who first raised the alarm about the illness — and for the crackdown on travel and personal liberties that followed. During the Cultural Revolution, however, with his father purged and out of favour, Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside in 1969 (he went to largely rural Shaanxi province), where he worked for six years as a manual labourer on an agricultural commune. Xi Jinping bei der FAZ: Hier erhalten Sie ausführliche Nachrichten und Videos zum Staatschef der Volksrepublik China. Chinas Präsident Xi Jinping hat beim digitalen UN-Klimagipfel weitere Anstrengungen seines Landes beim Klimaschutz angekündigt. Dalai Lama, Tibet's political leader, has strived to make Tibet an independent and democratic state from China. As part of his goal to establish China as a 21st-century global superpower, Xi has pushed for military reform to upgrade naval and air forces. Despite promising during a trip to the United States in September that China would never manipulate currency to Omissions? Xi Jinping ist der mächtigste Mann Chinas, vielleicht sogar der Welt. In welcher Häufigkeit wird der Xi jinping pooh aller Voraussicht nach benutzt werden? The government stepped in to prop up a sagging housing market in 2014, his claims to the contrary, satellite photographs indicated that the islands were being used to house military developments. He and his followers are exiled to India. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Nach längerem Zögern hat nun auch Chinas Staatschef Xi Jinping dem künftigen US-Präsidenten Joe Biden zum Wahlsieg gratuliert. The couple has a daughter, Xi Mingze, who studied at Harvard University under a pseudonym. Bevor Xi Jinping in die ländlichen Gebiete der Provinz Shanxi zur Arbeit ging, nähte Qi Xin ihrem Sohn einen kleinen Beutel für Nähsachen und stickte in roten Schriftzeichen „das Herz einer Mutter“ darauf. Schlagwörter: Xi, China, Kinder, sozialistischer Werte, Internationaler Kindertag. While often at odds with the U.S. over trade issues, Xi has publicly acknowledged the need for China to cooperate with its Western counterpart on the issue of climate …presidential term, China’s vice president. Bis Ende 2020 will Staatschef Xi Jinping die Armut in China beseitigen, Millionen Bauern werden dazu umgesiedelt. Updates? Chinas Präsident Xi Jinping hat beim digitalen UN-Klimagipfel weitere Anstrengungen seines Landes beim Klimaschutz angekündigt. Wer einen Scherz über ihn macht, wird abgeholt. Xi Jinping, 1953 geboren, wuchs in dem Bewusstsein auf, zur kommunistischen Elite des Landes zu gehören. Following the announcement that China and the U.S. had agreed to the broad outlines of "phase one" of a trade deal in October 2019, the two sides signed the deal into place in mid-January 2020. Xi Zhongxun war seit 1928 Mitglied in der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPCh), Vize-Premier der VR China (19591962) und Gouverneur der Provinz Guangdong (19791981). Dr. Yan auf CNN News18.com 3. Das bevölkerungsreichste Land hat das Virus seit dem Sommer weitgehend unter Kontrolle und … Considered a “princeling” — someone destined to rise within the government due to family connections — Xi’s destiny was altered when his father was purged from power in 1962. Schließung weiterer KPCh-Konsulate in den USA 4. In early 2013, as Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping prepared to assume the Chinese presidency, very few people in the West had any idea what kind of … Konzentrationslager in Tibet However, the government's efforts appeared to be paying off with the rate of new infections finally slowing in March, prompting the president to make his first visit to Wuhan since the outbreak began. figures, including former security chief Zhou Yongkang, and by the end of 2014 the CCP had disciplined more than 100,000 officials. The dominance of Jiang Zemin’s political allies in the current Politburo Standing Committee has enabled Xi Jinping, who is a protégé of Jiang, to … Despite China responded by slapping tariffs on a range of American goods, including fruits, nuts and pork products, prompting Trump to threaten to escalate the matter further. Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping, der seit 2012 Parteichef Chinas ist, steht vor einem wichtigen Parteikongress im Oktober, bei dem er nach innen und außen Stärke zeigen will. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/xi-jinping. After his return, he served as vice mayor of Xiamen in Fujian, wherein 1987 he married folk singer Peng Liyuan, who also holds the rank of army general in the People’s Liberation Army. He has tossed the previously set two-term limit as a premier and has assumed complete power with no tenure specification. Among his concerns as Fujian’s head were environmental conservation and cooperation with nearby Taiwan. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Chinese Communist officials are … Xi Jinping is the top leader in the Communist Party of China and the President of the People’s Republic of China. The NPC also unanimously elected Xi to a second term as president of the country in March. Cambodian head of state Pol Pot was the leader of the Khmer Rouge regime, which was responsible for the deaths of more than one million people between 1975 and 1979. The Myth of a Kinder, Gentler Xi Jinping. This is the China Nightmare,” © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. While living in Fujian, Xi married the well-known folksinger Peng Liyuan in 1987. Xi was born June 15, 1953, the son of a well-placed Chinese Communist Party leader, Xi Zhongxun, a former comrade of Communist China’s founder Mao Tse-tung. Although he earned criticism for human rights violations and disruptive economic regulations, Xi also continued the country's rise as a global superpower. change. Deng Xiaoping was a Chinese communist leader and the most powerful figure in the People's Republic of China from the late 1970s until his death in 1997. Mao Tse-tung (also spelled Zedong) was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier and statesman who led his nation's Cultural Revolution. Schließung weiterer KPCh-Konsulate in den USA 4. "I am ready to work with President Xi Jinping to inherit and carry forward the profound friendship between the older generation of leaders of the two countries and to write a new chapter of friendship and cooperation between Cambodia and China," he said. With that promotion, Xi was put on a short list of likely successors to Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CCP since 2002 and president of the People’s Republic since 2003. Geburtstag am 15. Kommen Sie nicht und sagen, ich hätte Sie nicht vorgewarnt! In der Erwartung seiner Mutter soll Xi Jinping Verantwortungs- und Missionsbewusstsein gegenüber dem Staat und dem Volk zeigen. How the world grossly misread the Chinese leader’s ambitions. Between 1979 and 1982, Xi served in the Central Military Command as vice premier, gaining valuable military experience. Ein Jahr später, am 18. He spent his tenure promoting stability and restoring the city’s financial image, and that same year was chosen for the Politburo Standing Committee. In his speech, Trump criticized the development of globalization for harming American workers and companies, declaring, "we are not going to let the United States be taken advantage of anymore." kids’ books; DONATE; Open Search Search for: Search Posted in politics & policy Xi Jinping’s new book: ‘Our Red Country will never change its colour’ In a candid overview of CCP ideology and propaganda, the President insists that Marxism and dialectical materialism will never be abandoned in China. Taking the stage immediately afterward, Xi painted a glowing picture of the collective benefits of globalization, saying, "let more countries ride the fast train of Chinese development.". By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside in Shaanxi province in 1969, where he worked for six years as a manual laborer on an agricultural commune. Der langjährige China-Experte Kerry Brown erklärt kompakt auf 160 Seiten, was und wie Xi Jinping denkt: wie er die Armut bekämpfen, den Klimawandel abwenden, mittels Big Data, die Überwachung vervollständigen will, und was er von China erwartet – und wie weit er gehen würde, um dieses zu verteidigen. In early 2008, Xi’s visibility became even greater when he was elected vice president of the People’s Republic of China and placed in charge of preparations for the 2008 summer Olympics in Beijing. He held the position for only a brief period, however, as he was selected in October 2007 as one of the nine members of the standing committee of the CCP’s Political Bureau (Politburo), the highest ruling body in the party. In November 2017, Xi met with U.S. President Donald Trump for a two-day summit in Beijing. In the post-Covid-19 world, this general impression has been confirmed in a survey conducted by the US-based Pew Research Center. Mai 2002) war ein kommunistischer chinesischer Politiker und Revolutionär sowie Mitglied des Staatsrats der Volksrepublik China.Er wird der ersten Führungsgeneration in der Volksrepublik China zugerechnet. “Xi Jinping’s China is an infirm colossus that will be frustrated by unmet ambitions. China’s Spoiled Rich Kids Learn to Avoid the Wrath of Xi Jinping. After numerous unsuccessful attempts, in 1974 Xi was accepted into the Communist Party. 01:36 Friendship Medal. Xi Zhongxun (chinesisch 習仲勛 / 习仲勋, Pinyin Xí Zhòngxūn) (* 15. Xi habe ein entsprechendes In his first speech as general secretary, Xi broke from tradition and sounded more like a Western politician, speaking about the aspirations of the average person and calling for better education, stable jobs, higher income, a more reliable safety net of retirement and health care, better living conditions and a better environment. He later majored in Marxist theory and ideological education at Tsinghua Humanities Institute.Xi Jinping is one of the few leaders in China who is educated in humanities and is the only Chinese president to have a Ph.D. Das bevölkerungsreichste Land hat das Virus seit dem Sommer weitgehend unter Kontrolle und … Xi faced a new challenge in the final days of 2019 with the outbreak of a pneumonia-like illness in the city of Wuhan. He also held the position of general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP; 2012– ). During his visit, he spoke of increasing trust and reducing suspicions between the two countries while respecting each other’s interests in the Pacific-Asian region. From 1983 to 2007, Xi served in leadership positions in four provinces, beginning with Hebei. In contrast to his reformist father, Xi had a reputation for prudence and for following the party line, and as Shanghai’s secretary his focus was squarely on promoting stability and rehabilitation of the city’s financial image. Xi’s fortunes got another boost in early 2007 when a scandal surrounding the upper leadership of Shanghai led to his taking over as the city’s party secretary. By 2013, Xi was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party, Chair of the Military Commission and President of the People’s Republic of China. Who Is Xi Jinping? Xi Jinping, der tief von dem Erziehungsstil geprägt wurde, praktiziert auch persönlich einen sparsamen und pragmatischen Arbeitsstil. In 2014, China introduced the "One Belt, One Road" initiative to bolster trade routes and launched the ambitious Asian Fulfilling one of his early promises, Xi almost immediately embarked on a campaign to deal with government corruption. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise … In October 2017 the party's Politburo named Xi Jinping lingxiu , a reverent term for "leader" and a title previously only given to Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong and his immediate successor Hua Guofeng. In 1966, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, a sociopolitical movement intended to preserve “true” Communist ideology and purge remnants of capitalist society. Juni, Biografie und Steckbrief auf geboren.am. Furthermore, the constitutional change boosted Xi's status to match those of exalted former Communist Party heads Mao Tse-tung and Deng Xiaoping. [4] In seiner frühen Kindheit verlebte Xi Jinping ein verhältnismäßig privilegiertes Leben als Sohn eines hohen Parteifunktionärs. At that time Hu also relinquished the chair of the CMC to Xi. He also made a nostalgic trip back to Iowa and then visited Los Angeles. Xi Jinping is the pliable but also a very convicted kind of leader whom you cannot mess around with. Xi Jinping Thought, the Chinese leader’s political philosophy, will soon be enshrined in the Constitution. The National People's Congress formally voted to make the constitutional change the following month, shortly before Xi was confirmed for a second five-year term. Als Xi Jinping 2012 die Macht übernahm, gab es unter denen, die über seinen Vater Bescheid wussten, verständlicherweise einige Hoffnungen, insbesondere nachdem Xi einen dramatischen Machtkampf gegen einen erbitterten Konkurrenten, den Gouverneur der Provinz Sichuan Bo Xilai, einen weiteren ehrgeizigen Prinzling, gewonnen hatte. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. From that point forward, he steadily rose through the ranks of the Communist Party. Als Xi Jinping 2012 die Macht übernahm, gab es unter denen, die über seinen Vater Bescheid wussten, verständlicherweise einige Hoffnungen, insbesondere nachdem Xi einen dramatischen Machtkampf gegen einen erbitterten Konkurrenten, den Gouverneur der Provinz Sichuan Bo Xilai, einen weiteren ehrgeizigen Prinzling, gewonnen hatte. In a speech to close the 16-day legislative session, Xi spoke of forging unification with Taiwan, promoting "high-quality" development that values innovation and expanding his signature Belt and Road foreign policy initiative. And he was born on 15 June 1953. His predecessor in the position was among those who had been tainted by a wide-ranging pension fund scheme. As inequality grows, the second generation of China's ultra-rich class wants to avoid becoming a … During the Cultural Revolution, however, with his father purged and out of favour, Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside in 1969 (he went to largely rural Shaanxi province), where he worked for six years as a manual labourer on an agricultural commune.